As I mentioned last week, Bergamot is effective for anxiety and depression.  This week I’d like to share a couple of papers with you.

From the Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing

Effects of Aroma Hand Massage on Pain, State Anxiety and Depression in Hospice Patients with Terminal Cancer 

So Young Chang.
Doctoral Student, Department of Nursing, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea.

Published online August 31, 2008.
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing – Volume 38 (4); pages 493-502. August 2008

Copyright © 2008 Korean Society of Nursing Science

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of aroma hand massage on pain, state anxiety and depression in hospice patients with terminal cancer.

Methods

This study was a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The subjects were 58 hospice patients with terminal cancer who were hospitalized. Twenty eight hospice patients with terminal cancer were assigned to the experimental group (aroma hand massage), and 30 hospice patients with terminal cancer were assigned to the control group (general oil hand massage). As for the experimental treatment, the experimental group went through aroma hand massage on each hand for 5 min for 7 days with blended oil-a mixture of Bergamot, Lavender, and Frankincense in the ratio of 1:1:1, which was diluted 1.5% with sweet almond carrier oil 50 ml. The control group went through general oil hand massage by only sweet almond carrier oil-on each hand for 5 min for 7 days.

Results

The aroma hand massage experimental group showed more significant differences in the changes of pain score (t=-3.52, p=.001) and depression (t=-8.99, p=.000) than the control group.

Conclusion

Aroma hand massage had a positive effect on pain and depression in hospice patients with terminal cancer.

One more from The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing

Effects of the Aroma Massage on Shoulder Pain, Depression, Sleep Disturbance in Hemiparesis Patients  

Jung, Hyang-Mi (Department of Nursing, College of Natural Science, Dong-eui University); Jeon, Young-Sun (Dong-eui University Hanbang Hospital)

Volume 7 Issue 2 / Pages.231-237 / 2004

Korean Academic Society of Rehabilitation Nursing

Received: 2004.11.22 Accepted : 2004.12.19 Published : 2004.12.30

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to find out the effects of the aroma massage on shoulder pain, depression, and sleep disturbance in hemiparesis patients.

Method

The research design was a non-equivalent control group non-synchronized design. The data was collected from July 1 to August 31, 2003 at D medical Center in Busan. The subjects were 37 patients that they were assigned to two groups, nineteen subjects in the experimental group and seventeen subjects in the control group. The oil made from a blend of lavender, clary sage, bergamot at a ratio 3:1:2 used for relieving shoulder pain, depression, sleep disturbance. The instruments used for this study were Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for shoulder pain, Zung depression scale, 4 score’s scale for sleep disturbance. The data were analyzed using SPSS and hypotheses were examined with ANCOVA.

Results

Shoulder pain, depression, and sleep disturbance were significantly lower in the experimental group compared than the control group.

Conclusion

The aroma massage using selected essential oils is an effective intervention for relieving shoulder pain, depression, sleep disturbance in hemiparesis patients. However, differences between aroma massage and massage were not clear, further study needs to be done.

Having a study or two on hand to back up our blend choices can come in handy.